A private investigator, private detective or investigation agent, is someone who may be hired by people, companies or NGOs to undertake investigative services. Private investigators usually work for lawyers in criminal and civil cases. They are usually specialised in a certain area of investigation. Some private detectives specialise in financial frauds, asset tracing, business crimes, organised crime, immigration issues, and corporate identity theft.
Private detectives can investigate a variety of areas. They could look into, for instance, civil liability claims on property damage. This could include injuries caused while on the job, accidents, birth injuries, wrongful death claims, and health and safety negligence claims. They can also conduct investigations for employers on matters such as worker’s compensation and insurance claims on the premises of their workplace.
Private detectives also provide services for corporate entities such as businesses and organisations. They may work as private investigators for these types of businesses to conduct surveillance on their employees and other individuals working closely with them. These investigators may work in the background gathering information about employees, clients, competitors, suppliers and clients. They may work to uncover any potential problems with an organisation’s operations or strategies.
Some private detectives work on a freelance basis, obtaining information from the public about individuals for personal reasons. They might be investigating a cheating spouse. This person might have been the subject of an investigation before their marriage and obtained information through their prior arrests. The investigator obtains this prior arrest information through confidential sources. This can help them get information about the subjects in question such as their name, current address, previous addresses, telephone numbers, business records, and so on.
Many investigators begin their careers working in the field as a patrol officer. Often they begin as part of a detail in a missing persons case. As the case progresses, they may become more involved and assume a leadership role within the team. All detectives in the field must undergo training in police tactics and laws and must be certified through a state agency in order to work independently.
When working as private detectives, state licensing agencies require specific information. Private detectives must be licensed through one of the many states throughout the United States. In most states, private detectives are required to take and pass a written examination prior to working as an investigator. Some states require state licensure through a fingerprint submission or completion of a criminal record check.
Private detectives and investigators must be properly trained and certified by their states. All detectives and investigators must pass a thorough written exam before becoming a licensed private detective or investigator. Some states require private detectives and investigators to complete a specific amount of training or experience before they can apply for licensing.
Private detectives and investigators use many of the same techniques and tools that law enforcement officers use when performing their duties. Therefore, there are similarities between a private detective and an investigator. However, there are also some notable differences such as the fact that private detectives and investigators use video cameras, lie detectors and lie detection equipment in their investigations. Both detectives and investigators use surveillance methods such as surveillance video or digital video imaging and are interviewing techniques such as interviewing suspects after a warrant is served.
Investigators often use video cameras to observe individuals they are investigating. Video cameras play an important role in detecting crimes such as grand theft auto or fraud. Private detectives and investigators use lie detection equipment, including lie detectors and/or polygraph tests, to detect false statements or rumors from individuals they are interviewing. Additionally, many private detectives and investigators utilize GPS (Global Positioning System) technology to locate individuals that have been abducted.
Private detectives and investigators may use a variety of surveillance tools to conduct background checks on potential candidates for hire. Many private investigators and detectives purchase surveillance equipment in bulk to save money. Surveillance tools include hidden cameras, GPS trackers, car alarms and video cameras. Potential employers may also perform background checks using social security number, credit card number, driver’s license number or passport number.
Private detectives and investigators must obtain court authorization to do investigations. In order to find out whether there is a valid cause to search a person, private detectives and investigators must seek consent from the person they wish to search. A person can refuse consent however, if there is no warrant or probable cause to search the person. Permission can also be revoked at any time. Individuals that wish to search another individual must first seek permission from that person. If a person refuses consent, private detectives and investigators must then follow through with other techniques to discover the information.