How to Process a Crime Scene is an important skill for any professional law enforcement officer. Processes are critical in the completion of a criminal investigation and have become more important since the explosion of crimes on our streets and the growing number of offenders. A thorough investigation determines if a case is being handled properly by law enforcement personnel. It also helps to put all the pieces back in place in the chaotic and often shocking aftermath of a criminal incident.
There are many stages involved in processing a crime scene. The first stage, after arriving at the scene of the incident, is to secure all of the evidence. This includes processing all pieces of physical evidence, making sure all materials are accounted for, and collecting samples from the scene. All evidence should be collected and documented, transported to the lab, and analyzed by the police officer assigned to the case.
The next step in the investigation is processing the scene. This will involve processing all the physical evidence. This includes cleaning up blood, cleaning up chemical residues, and any other steps needed to contain and protect the crime scene. All police officers are also required to remove their clothing at this point. This portion of the investigation into how to process a crime scene covers the removal of clothing, washing and drying the clothes, and burial or disposal of the clothing.
After the police officer has processed the crime scene, it is returned to the scene of the incident for processing. In most cases, this stage requires further investigation into the actions that took place before the police arrived. If there were any suspects that were interviewed, recorded, or video taped during the commission of the crime, this information is still required to be filed. This step is referred to as the handling of the investigative information. It is an important part of the legal process of capturing and preserving any possible evidence from a crime.
Once the police investigator has completed the processing of the scene, the file is then turned over to a prosecuting attorney or the district attorney. This final step is referred to as the filing of the information with the courts. There are two types of cases where this step is not required; however, most criminal cases are. This final step is designed to provide the courts with the most current information available regarding a case, and to enable them to determine the severity of the charges that will be filed against the suspect.
When a person is looking into how to process a crime scene, it is important to remember that not all information that is stored may be admissible in court. In some cases, it is not necessary to have all of the physical evidence submitted to the courts before a trial can take place. Forensic experts are able to testify about the conditions that existed at the scene prior to the discovery of the body or other evidence. If an expert is not able to testify to the accuracy of these conditions, it may be irrelevant whether or not the information is admissible in a court of law. However, it is important to make sure that the conditions were reasonable and did not cause damage to the victim or prevent any type of identification.
Before learning how to process a crime scene, it is important to understand how all of the physical evidence is stored. All physical evidence must be preserved in a controlled environment, in order to preserve its integrity. It should be kept in a secure storage facility such as a crime lab. Once it is in the lab, it is further processed through several stages that include chemical analysis, photography, and carbon testing. Once all of the testing has been completed on the evidence, it will return to the police department to be processed. Some evidence can even be disposed of once it has been tested, but the majority will need to be destroyed.
Understanding how to process a crime scene is an essential part of becoming an investigator. It is also helpful to know the various procedures that are followed when processing a scene. These procedures vary depending on the jurisdiction in which the case is located. Often times, the area where the scene is located will already have developed a standard protocol for processing crime scenes. Therefore, if the police do not possess a written protocol for processing a scene, it would be wise to contact a professional who does.